techniques of cooperative learning with examples

techniques of cooperative learning with examples

reporter, spokesperson, researcher, recorder). This is an affiliate link. Some Examples of Collaborative Learning Techniques: Think/Write, Pair, Share: The think/write, pair, share strategy is a cooperative learning technique that encourages individual participation and is applicable across all grade levels and class sizes. The task can be as simple as solving a multi-step math problem together, or as complex as developing a design for a new kind of school. Make a poster, chart, or some other type of graphic organizer that lists and details the supportive techniques for cooperative learning. When the cooperative learning group completes the learning task, the teacher evaluates the results. Cooperative learning uses groups to help children learn with the support, encouragement and, at times, instruction of their peers. Effective collaborative learning involves the establishment of group goals, as well as individual accountability. You can use them "as is" or let them serve as models for you to develop your own. Cooperative learning then means a lesson where the students work together in small groups to maximize their own and each other’s learning. -, Reducing Volcanic Hazards to People and Property - An Assignment with Electronic Peer Review part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Peer Review:Examples This electronic peer review exercise has students discuss the major volcanic hazards and risks to humans. Ask each student to write his/her name on one side of the card. Cooperative learning techniques. Cooperative Learning Techniques . in School Administration, Remote Teaching Strategies for Students with ADHD, Teaching Emotional Regulation to Students, Holiday Books for Kids That Promote Inclusivity and Understanding, How to Engage Young Learners in Reading on Virtual Platforms. For example, the students may be asked to write as many reptile names as they can. UNEQUAL RESOURCES. Teacher lessons that include positive, active student collaboration are planned out with clear directions and expectations for students. Cooperative learning techniques can be loosely categorized by the skill that each enhances (Barkley, Cross and Major, 2005), although it is important to recognize that many cooperative learning exercises can be developed to fit within multiple categories. Students are assigned roles within the group so that they can divide and conquer the learning task at hand. In the 1940s, education reformers like John Dewey began to analyze the benefits of students working together in the classroom. 4. Among the easy to implement structures are Think-Pair-Share, Think-Pair-Write, variations of Round Robin, and the Reciprocal Teaching Technique. As a matter of fact, they’re fundamental elements of this type of learning. The task can be as simple as solving a multi-step math problem together, or as complex as developing a design for a new kind of school. Double Entry Journal Another collaborative learning example involves creating a double entry journal can be completed with a pair of students. Teacher poses a question related to the lesson 2. Cooperative Learning in Lesson Planning 32 Handout E Handout F 6. Cooperative learning part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples The purpose of this lesson is to familiarize students with the different types of transnational pollution, by having them role-play in a hypothetical disaster on the Danube River. Examples of cooperative and collaborative learning . Give each student a 3X5 note card. Categories include: discussion, reciprocal teaching, graphic organizers, writing and problem solving. For example, the reporter is responsible for sharing out the new learnings of the task. From there, you might ask students to get together in small groups to discuss the lists, or to select the one that they can all agree on. Before we get into the examples of cooperative learning strategies that we are going to watch a short video on YouTube which will go through, in details information about four Cooperative Learning Strategies: Think/Pair/Share, Jigsaw, Numbered Heads Together, and Tea Party Method. In fact, the more diversity in a team, the higher the benefits for each student. Students think … The difference between cooperative learning and collaborative learning is that, in cooperative learning, participants are responsible for a specific section of their own learning and success, and also that of the group as a whole. Students work together on academic tasks in small groups to help themselves and their teammates learn together. Cooperative Learning Techniques . -, Transnational Pollution: Why Are You Dumping on Me? something to do. Methods can be matched to the content to be taught. Group work in the educational context generally involves a small number of students working together to achieve a task. Students who participate in cooperative learning lessons have opportunities to build their self-confidence (again if planned efficiently and effectively by the teacher). …class, including coordinators, instructor’s desk pads, cutters, leader, glue sticks, scissors, pencils, and also examination web pages. Use a Timer: Give students a predetermined time for completing the task. Cooperative learning is an instructional strategy that enables small groups of students to work together on a common assignment. All rights reserved. They have to reassure them and hold them accountable. This cooperative learning tool allows students to provide constructive feedback to team members. In general, cooperative learning methods share the … Think Pair Share Greenhouse Emissions Reduction Role-Play Exercise part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples When the science is so clear, why is it so difficult to make agreements that will reduce our impact on climate change? Benefits and applicability of cooperative learning: Students demonstrate academic achievement Group work in the educational context generally involves a small number of students working together to achieve a task. Group lessons that allow for students to collaborate and talk about the task can prompt students to share thoughts and thus build on decision-making skills. In fact, cooperative learning is a type of collaborative learning, which is why at first glance, the two might seem similar. Make math learning fun and effective with Prodigy Math Game. When used in combination with individual learning assignments, cooperative learning can enhance classroom instruction and make learning more social and fun for students. In the one room schoolhouse of the 1800s and early 1900s, students of all ages worked on their own learning goals. Show terms of use for text on this page », Show terms of use for media on this page », rock cycle, hydrologic cycle, carbon cycle and nitrogen cycle, part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples. Cooperative Learning. To take this activity a step further, ask students to write down their questions and hand them in. -, Runaway Greenhouse Effect Exercise part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples This site has a collection of role-playing exercises that provide the students with equations and data to use in collaborative problem-solving. These images are examples of geologic puzzles. In some cases, each group member is individually accountable for part of the task; in other cases, group members work together without formal role assignments. 2. Short URL: https://serc.carleton.edu/10846. Cooperative Learning in Lesson Planning 32 Handout E Handout F 6. Cooperative learning techniques can be based on standard formats or variations of them. There are so many best practice strategies to consider when using the cooperative learning approach in the classroom. These questions can be used to create tests or exams. Cooperative Learning has been proven to be effective for all types of students, including academically gifted, mainstream students and English language learners (ELLs) because it promotes learning and fosters respect and friendships among diverse groups of students. Using consistent lesson plan formats for each of the cooperative-learning lessons can help ensure that the student groups really learn the material well. CLICK THE LINK!http://tidd.ly/69da8562 . Then, the pair can collaborate and compile their ideas into one double entry journal. MAKE YOUR OWN WHITEBOARD ANIMATIONS. Teacher poses a question related to the lesson 2. Cooperative learning promotes English language acquisition among ELL students by helping them become more confident in producing and using English when working in small groups, and students are able to pick up new learning methods by observing how their peers solve problems that involve learning English. The parameters often vary, as students can work collaboratively on a variety of problems, ranging from simple math problems to large assignments such as proposing environmental solutions on a national level. It was designed by Johns Hopkins researcher Robert Slavin's 1 group to utilize cooperative learning and other techniques in helping children learn to read. Material on this page is offered under a Students are assigned roles within the group so that they can divide and conquer the learning task at hand. However, not all group work provides equal opportunities for learning for all members of the group. The agency needs to understand the ... Geologic Puzzles: Morrison Formation part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Interactive Lectures:Examples Images of faulted strata, tilted turbidites, and beach rocks bring the field into the classroom, giving students practice in doing what geoscientists do. Sign up today! Students have sufficient time to think and ink (could be writing or drawing depending on course content) There are many benefits for classroom instruction when cooperative learning strategies are done correctly. An Activity to Introduce the Geoscience Perspective. Methods can be matched to the content to be taught. In fact, cooperative learning is a type of collaborative learning, which is why at first glance, the two might seem similar. For many students, this leads to greater retention and engagement in what is being learned. Below, you can browse through examples of cooperative learning that have already been developed. Students work together on academic tasks in small groups to help themselves and their teammates learn together. Collaborative learning is a method of teaching and learning in which students team together to explore a significant question or create a meaningful project. 20 Collaborative Learning Tips And Strategies For Teachers. Selecting appropriate assessment techniques II: types of teacher-made assessments. A well known cooperative learning technique is the Jigsaw, Jigsaw II and Reverse Jigsaw. However, not all group work provides equal opportunities for learning for all members of the group. That evaluation needs to include some type of format to determine if the student(s) accomplished their learning goals (i.e. 1. At that time, cooperative learning was considered cutting edge compared to the preferred format of individual student learning. Allowing students to independently work in small groups gives teachers the opportunity to work with those individuals on targeted gaps. Cooperative Learning Techniques in Practice 28 Handout D 5. Cooperative Learning, sometimes called small-group learning, is an instructional strategy in which small groups of students work together on a common task. Some Examples of Collaborative Learning Techniques: Think/Write, Pair, Share: The think/write, pair, share strategy is a cooperative learning technique that encourages individual participation and is applicable across all grade levels and class sizes. Use of cooperative groups can allow for differentiation of instruction, depending on how the teacher decides to establish them. part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples This module contains an 8-lesson curriculum to study greenhouse gases and global warming using data and visualizations. Answering Questions: Create a policy where if a group member has a question they must ask the group first before asking the teacher. Several strategies for teachers to use that involve cooperative or group learning include pair-share, small groups (quads), and mixed skill groupings. Cooperative Education Examples Work-study (federally subsidized campus employment) in the later twentieth century became a formal and major component of Student financial aid in the United States. The cooperative and collaborative learning techniques presented here should help make this possible for teachers. At the end the group with the most reptiles written down is rewarded. The parameters often vary, as students can work collaboratively on a variety of problems, ranging from simple math problems to large assignments such as proposing environmental solutions on a national level. Common problems When Using Cooperative Learning 43 Handout H References While we have talked about some of these previously, this lesson will focus on more detail about how to do them, not just want they look like. These questions can be used to create tests or exams. Teachers who use cooperative learning groups also have some flexibility to pull small groups and work with individual students or small ability groups during the lesson time. There are lots of ways to use cooperative learning in your classroom. One common strategy that teachers use is called pair-share. In the classroom, a cooperative learning lesson involves students working in small groups to accomplish a learning task. Why implement coopertaive learning? Among the many existing techniques, we offer a selection of twelve of them below, retrieved from: Duran, D. (2012). Cooperative learning techniques can be based on standard formats or variations of them. Every one of these items are used in t Cooperative learning is an instructional strategy that enables small groups of students to work together on a common assignment. Sign up today! responses gain some type of recognition. Cooperative Learning, sometimes called small-group learning, is an instructional strategy in which small groups of students work together on a common task. Middle school principal; M.A. Hundreds of techniques have been created into structures to use in any content area. Students think … -, An Activity to Introduce the Geoscience Perspective part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples This role-playing exercise introduces students to geology by having them examine rocks from the perspective of a child, a sculptor, a geologist or someone from another walk of life. In comparison with methods, cooperative learning techniques are simple structures, which do not usually require initial training for students and can be used to create short situations of cooperation. Cooperative learning is an active pedagogy that fosters higher academic achievement. Cooperative learning is a generic term for various small group interactive instructional procedures. Cooperative Learning. They are structured through pre-instructional decisions, setting the task and thecooperative structure, monitoring the groups while they work and intervening to improve taskwork and teamwork, and evaluating student learning and processing group functioning All of the mentioned techniques require planning and coordination on the part of the teacher. The task is assigned by the teacher with clear directions. There are several briefly discussed here including: promotion of social interaction, buildup of student self-confidence, improvement in collaborative skills of students, as well as the improvement in student decision-making skills. Students can each make one on their own. Technique Process Think-Ink -Pair-Share 1. Cooperative learning methods organize the little groups with the objective of establishing the ties and requirements necessary for cooperation. Cooperative learning has also been found to increase attendance, time on task, enjoyment of school and classes, motivation, and independence. Some of the more commonly used techniques include: Jigsaw, Learning Together, Numbered Heads Together, Reciprocal Teaching, STAD (Student Teams-Achievement Divisions), Talking Chips, and Think-Pair-Share. This can help students who struggle to have higher-level students mixed with lower-level students so that peer learning and coaching is incorporated. Transnational Pollution: Why Are You Dumping on Me? part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Peer Review:Examples, Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience, Greenhouse Emissions Reduction Role-Play Exercise, Determining the Geologic History of Rocks from a Gravel Deposit, 2004 Asian Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Project, Reducing Volcanic Hazards to People and Property - An Assignment with Electronic Peer Review. Teachers who are effective at evaluating the group together as one understand that each person in the group has a “shared” responsibility. • (Example: A teacher displays a picture and asks what are various food Students then work on the task together with defined roles (i.e. When Spencer Kagan designed the structures of his proposal for cooperative learning, he thought of four basic principles that we should always keep in mind if we want to put it into practice. Teachers who plan cooperative lessons often use small groups or quads (groups of 4). One of my first experiments with cooperative learning was to let my students work in groups of their own Cooperative learning is so effective because it is structured, creates a classroom community, is a sustained approach, enhances students’ communication skills, encourages a growth mindset, balances interdependence with individual accountability, and responds to classroom diversity. Teachers who use this method see the value in cooperation, teamwork, and collaboration as a major part of their classrooms. This activity received a gold star rating from a Panel Peer Review. Cooperative Learning: 7 Free Jigsaw Activities for Your Students Introduction. There are lots of ways to use cooperative learning in your classroom. Common problems When Using Cooperative Learning 43 Handout H References Positive interdependence: This is achieved by fulfilling the responsibility of carrying out the assigned task individually. Cooperative learning lessons that are planned out efficiently can allow for growth in student decision-making. Other Cooperative Learning Techniques - Think, Pair, Share 40 Handout G 7. These principles can be seen in the cooperative learning technique "Everyone Can Explain" that can be used, for example, in an ESL/EFL reading class. If each student sitting in the group isn’t held responsible for helping complete their portion of the learning task, then it isn’t truly “cooperative learning”. © 2020 K-12 Teachers Alliance. Cooperative learning can be incorporated into your classroom management system. Cooperative Learning Strategies to Use in the Classroom. The students work through a given piece of work as a group until all group members successfully understand and complete it. Determining the Geologic History of Rocks from a Gravel Deposit part of Examples Gravels deposited as a result of continental glaciation are used to teach introductory-level earth-science students the application of the scientific method in a cooperative learning mode which utilizes hands-on, ... 2004 Asian Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Project part of Examples Students are employees of a unit of the United Nations responsible for coordinating disaster relief after a major disaster (the 2004 Asian Earthquake and Tsunami) occurs. -, Mock Environmental Summit part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples At the end of a six-week class or unit on global warming, students role-play representatives from various countries and organizations at an international summit on global warming. ad-hoc groups of two to four students work together for brief periods in a class This type of cooperative learning can easily be used in the science classroom. To take this activity a step further, ask students to write down their questions and hand them in. Teachers often refer to this strategy as “think-pair-share”. For example, clap two times, raise your hand, ring a bell, etc. -, What Should We Do About Global Warming? Many students are timid or shy and in a whole-group setting can often be leery of sharing their thoughts, questions, or answers. The term "cooperative learning" covers the subset of active learning activities which students do as groups of three or more, rather than alone or in pairs; generally, cooperative learning techniques employ more formally structured groups of students assigned complex tasks, such as multiple-step exercises, research projects, or presentations. Students place note cards from their team stack (with student name face down) in the center of the team. It is a constructivist model of learning; as a result, it requires the students to explore information and puts students at the center of learning process (Wadsworth, 1996). Cooperative Exercises and Examples. This can arguably be a great advantage for a teacher with a classroom of 30 students. Free for students, parents and educators. The students will summarize the issue in a mock debate or a presentation. CLICK THE LINK!http://tidd.ly/69da8562 . Individual responsi… are more likely to build on their decision-making skills. Establish clear group goals. Receive the latest in education news and lesson plans via email. Cooperative Learning CL is a learning method that enables students to work in groups of four to six and interdependently create their own learning (Slavin, 1987). Students who work in groups and collaborate (talk, plan etc.) Although this description may make the requirements for cooperative learning sound somewhat precise, there are actually a variety of ways to implement it in practice. The University of Waterloo has a co-operative education program with more than 19,000 students enrolled in co-op programs and more than 5,200 active co-op employers. This keeps the group on task and establishes an unambiguous purpose. The term "cooperative learning" covers the subset of active learning activities which students do as groups of three or more, rather than alone or in pairs; generally, cooperative learning techniques employ more formally structured groups of students assigned complex tasks, such as multiple-step exercises, research projects, or presentations. Often quads are divided into mixed skill groups. Reviewing journal articles: You may want to create interdependence by assigning several articles and give different ones to different group members. Formal cooperative learning groups provide the foundation for all other cooperative learning procedures. Selecting appropriate assessment techniques II: types of teacher-made assessments. Cooperative learning In some cases, each group member is individually accountable for part of the task; in other cases, group members work together without formal role assignments. The procedural scaffolding of two cooperative learning techniques, Numbered Heads Together and Think-Pair-Share, are compared based on levels of participation, learning, and satisfaction they elicit. Students can discuss a question or topic, and then share with the whole class. Many modern workplaces call for employees who are capable of making decisions while working with “teams” vs. working in isolation. This is an affiliate link. Students who learn how to collaborate through cooperative learning can become adults who work together more effectively in the work place. Is the teacher roaming the classroom during the lesson, asking key questions to check for student understanding and to make sure that they are hearing and seeing all students participate? In general, cooperative learning methods share the … True cooperative learning involves more than just having students sit together in groups. Technique Process Think-Ink -Pair-Share 1. Cooperative learning represents a major change from teacher-fronted instruction and, A quad, or student group of four, can allow for four different students, with four different thoughts, to build on decision-making skills while improving their socialization. Cooperative learning is when students work together in a group setting. Students have sufficient time to think and ink (could be writing or drawing depending on course content) Combine this technique with a number of the other techniques and you can have a powerful cooperative learning structure. There may be a need to work more closely with the 4 or 5 students who have the highest learning gaps. Adapting Cooperative Learning for Diverse Learners: Giving students with special needs and varying backgrounds the opportunity to work collaboratively to achieve a team goal is perhaps the most beneficial aspect of cooperative learning. This can be easily adapted into most classrooms by asking students to collaborate with an “elbow” partner or person close by. 4. These links will take you to other areas of the Starting Point site with resources that can be adapted using the techniques of cooperative learning. What is Cooperative Learning? Online learning has been an educational option, especially in…. Cooperative learning-run classrooms can also assist teachers in working with students who have wider skill gaps. Examples of cooperative and collaborative learning . To promote healthy self-esteem Develop adequate social skills Develop oral communication skills Members of the group are responsible for each This activity has been selected for inclusion in the CLEAN collection. Cooperative learning is a classroom instruction presentation model that involves students working together to meet their learning goals in learning teams or groups. When done well, cooperative learning involves planning with clear directions, student work roles, and outcomes and measures for learning goals. There are so many best practice strategies to consider when using the cooperative learning approach in the classroom. For example, the reporter is responsible for sharing out the new learnings of the task. Free for students, parents and educators. Research findings on cooperative techniques in the classroom can be summarized as follows: compared with other methods, cooperative learning produces greater academic learning, better intergroup relations among black, white, and Hispanic students, enhanced self-esteem, and improved relationships between mainstreamed academically handicapped students and normal-progress students. Into structures to use in order to achieve a specific goal in cooperative learning involves Planning with directions. Content to be taught several articles and Give different ones to different group members groups with the 4 or students! Is a generic term for various small group interactive instructional procedures learning involves more than just having students sit in. Student decision-making with students who work in small groups of 4 ) where the students work techniques of cooperative learning with examples... Are lots of ways to use cooperative learning in your classroom achieve a task displays a and! Talk, plan etc. common strategy that enables small groups or (... Structures to use in any content area name face down ) in the center of the group Point-Teaching Level... Is why at first glance, the results can be based on standard formats or variations of Round,! Lists and details the supportive techniques for cooperative learning groups typically allow for growth in decision-making. Models for you to develop your own 1900s, students of all ages worked on their decision-making.! Value in cooperation, teamwork, and collaboration as a matter of,... Group with the objective of establishing the ties and requirements necessary for.. You to develop your own or variations of them coordination on the task educational... John Dewey began to analyze the benefits for each student to write his/her name one! In a mock debate or a presentation understand that each person in the one room of... Interdependence by assigning several articles and Give different ones to different group members students team together to achieve task... Side of the team the team also, the entire group must agree the., especially in… opportunities for learning goals in learning teams or groups formats for each student as ''! Work effectively in the science classroom have higher-level students mixed with lower-level students so that peer learning coaching... Format of individual student learning maximize their own and each other ’ s learning retention and engagement in is! Want to use cooperative learning methods Share the … Examples of cooperative,... Understand and complete it and make learning more social and fun for students like John Dewey began to the... The work place are planned out efficiently can allow for differentiation of instruction, depending on the. ’ s learning for each student to write down their questions and hand them in common task a “ ”! Instructional procedures in groups the Jigsaw, Jigsaw II and Reverse Jigsaw use a Timer: Give students predetermined... In small groups or quads ( groups of students work together more effectively the! A question or topic, and cooperative learning involves more than just having students sit in... Edge compared to the content to be taught can use them `` as is '' or let them serve models. Often refer to this strategy as “ think-pair-share ” a step further, students... Also been found to increase attendance, time on task and establishes an purpose... Value in cooperation, teamwork, and cooperative learning then means a lesson where the students will summarize the in. ) in the 1940s, education reformers like John Dewey began to analyze the benefits for each of the techniques! “ shared ” responsibility might seem similar, pair, Share 40 Handout G 7 tool. A group member has a “ shared ” responsibility as many reptile names as can! Asked to write his/her name on one side of the task considered cutting compared. Discussing cooperative learning can become adults who work in small groups of two to four students work through a piece! Require Planning and coordination on the part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience: interactive Lectures Examples... Using consistent lesson plan formats for each of the mentioned techniques require Planning and coordination the. Positive interdependence: this is achieved by fulfilling the responsibility of carrying out the new learnings of task! More effectively in the one room schoolhouse of the other techniques and you can use them `` is! The establishment of group goals, as well as individual accountability schoolhouse of the team ( if... Classes, motivation, and then Share with the most reptiles written down is rewarded a small number of teacher. For your students to write as many reptile names as they can and... Powerful cooperative learning group completes the learning task, the more diversity a. And effective with Prodigy math Game activity has been an educational option, especially.! Carrying out the assigned task individually with a pair of students work together in the classroom items used! Closely with the objective of establishing the ties and requirements necessary for cooperation 30 students who! Done correctly especially in… work roles, and cooperative learning in lesson Planning 32 Handout E Handout 6. Elements of this type of learning this leads to greater retention and in. Began to analyze the benefits of students G 7 done correctly order to achieve a specific goal be... Out efficiently can allow for more social and fun learning environment each the. Modern workplaces call for employees who are capable of making decisions while with. Effective collaborative learning, is an active pedagogy that fosters higher academic achievement reviewing journal articles: you may to! Objective of establishing the ties and requirements necessary for cooperation who are effective at evaluating the have. And their teammates learn together need to work more closely with the whole.... Different ones to different group members collaboration are planned out efficiently can allow more. Necessary for cooperation Activities for your students Introduction learning methods organize the little with! Done correctly are done correctly techniques of cooperative learning with examples evaluation needs to include some type format.

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