how to care for zoysia grass

how to care for zoysia grass

Use a hatchet or sharp knife hatchet to trim the corners of the zoysia grass sods. Never put heavy nitrogen fertilizer applications on dormant Zoysia. It’s true, this grass is less fussy than Bermuda grass, but mowing and performing regular checks are par for the course. People often think their grass has died. As such, it requires plenty of sunlight. For this reason, it is recommended that granular lime (a calcium-containing material) be spread evenly across the turf to raise the soil pH toward a more neutral or alkaline level. Growth of thatch: Thatch is the build-up of roots and dead leaves at the base of the grass. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. With warm-season grasses, month-by-month lawn care occurs on a different timetable than cool-season northern grasses that peak during fall. During all times of the year it is susceptible to damage from improperly applied herbicides. While a sharp blade is important for all grass types, the turf density of Zoysia as well as its susceptibility to Zoysia patch fungus make this especially important. One pound of zoysia seeds cost around 45 dollars. Standing water is particularly harmful to your Zoysia grass since it is prone to a fungal disease called Zoysia patch which is aggravated by dampness and humidity. Apply pre-emergent herbicides to control winter annual and perennial weeds like chickweed, henbit, Poa annua, crabgrass or goosegrass. One in the spring and two in late summer and fall. Should you decide to do your own weed control, please read and follow all product instructions. We use commercial-grade spreaders calibrated for the products we use. For optimal results, Zoysia grass requires a more neutral pH of at least 6.5. While fertilization is important, so is the timing of the application. It's dark green, and shorter and finer textured than St. Augustinegrass. Weed Control for Emerald Zoysia. In unusually hot or dry weather, you may need to give it more water too. However, once the grass gets established, such risks reduce considerably. Stagger the pieces of sod in the adjacent rows in order to avoid lining up of seams. Roll the lawn area so that the sods penetrate into the soil without forming any, Cost of Planting and Maintaining Zoysia Grass, Zoysia Grass Growth Problems and Tips to Prevent Them, Different Types and Varieties of Zoysia Grass, Hibiscus Plant: Complete Guide on Growing Hibiscus, How to Grow Sweet Potatoes in 6 Easy Steps, How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia in 3 Simple Steps, 7 Best Flowering Houseplants For Your Home In 2020, Crop Rotation – Guide (2020) | E-agrovision, Moderate ( has poor growth if shade more than 50%). Care and Maintenance of Zoysia Grass Watering: Water every day the area at least two to three times a day. Turn on the water and take note of how long it takes for the can to fill. Water deeply to encourage deep root systems that endure brief droughts. A good way to determine an inch of water is the tuna-can trick. Invasive – Zoysia grass is a very invasive grass. Once nighttime temperatures fall below 70 °F, slightly raise the mower to allow more leaf surface. Core aeration can help compacted soil. Zoysia grass is very hardy, therefore it grows back once the conditions are favorable. Empire zoysia thrives in slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 6.5. When ample rainfall or water returns, the Zoysia grass will resume growth, provided this occurs in the warmer months. Depending on the structure and size of your yard, it can be grown from sod, seed or plug and seeds. Zoysia Grass Problems. Would you like to have a Step-by-Step Guide that is perfect for beginners? How To Maintain Your Zoysia Grass: Texas Homeowner Tips It can take up to three seasons for zoysia grass to establish itself properly. The basic fact about zoysia grass is that, unless it is grown in the right climate, it will cause more headaches than not. Put the plugs properly inside the holes. You now know how long you need to run the irrigation to get an inch of water. If your soil is sandy, water more frequently in smaller amounts. … Thatch Management - In case you encounter thatch in Zoysia grass, it should be removed mechanically if you want to have unified appearance of the grass … Lime or sulfur may be added if recommended by a recent soil test. Fertilizing zoysia grass in the spring or fall does not … We can’t prevent all weeds. Address drainage issues to alleviate standing water. Zoysia requires water-soluble mixtures; we recommend Nutri-20, which has been … When new lawns are being planted, most landscapers choose to use plugs or sod of pre-grown zoysia due to zoysia's slow growth. This will help to cover the entire yard. The basic fact about zoysia grass is that, unless it is grown in the right climate, it will cause more headaches than not. Zoysiagrass needs 0.5 to 1 inch of water a week. May, June, and September are usually the best months to fertilize. Winter care of zoysia grass begins in August with fertilization. It can also be found in the North, but will turn brown once the weather turns cold. When it comes to Zoysia, with a few exceptions, there is no such thing as too much sun. Ideally, a single mowing should be enough to reduce the height of grass by only 1/3rd of what it was previously. To reduce this infestation, properly clean all the lawn equipment before and after use. An application of a quality fertilizer should provide your Amazoy zoysia plugs with a "jump start" to a beautiful zoysia lawn. Now lay it over the ground or site that you have selected for transplanting. Once established, these weeds can be difficult to eradicate. … Pet damage: Restrict the movement of your pets in your garden during the first year of growth. Core aeration is the process of removing thousands of “plugs” from your lawn. You can use it either four times or nearly once every six weeks from late spring through the complete autumn. Although the rate of growth of the grass is slow, under ideal conditions, it forms a thick cover over your lawn. When to Plant: The best period for planting is from mid- to late spring. The time of day you water or irrigate your lawn is important! Zoysia grass prefers soil pH between 5.8 and 7.0. Along with bermuda grass, buffalo grass, centipede grass, seashore paspalum and St. Augustine, zoysia … Please be extra careful with post-emergent weed control. This will help to restrict its growth within its boundaries. Zoysia grass prefers soil pH between 5.8 and 7.0. Zoysia grass tends to develop thick patch if it is oversupplied with water or nitrogen and hence, it is advisable to take care while watering and adding fertilizer to it. Irrigation should be done early in the morning rather than in the evening. Zoysia grows best on an inch of water per week, but the grass is drought tolerant. Terms of Use. Fall Mowing for Zoysiagrass Generally speaking, your zoysia will usually be maintained at a height of about.5–2 inches. No matter how hardy or low-maintenance Zoysia grass is, it still needs care and attention. Therefore zoysia grass is mostly suitable only for the areas that stay sunny and warm for the complete year. Zoysia grass is maybe quite as drought-tolerant as a Bermuda grass, but drought-tolerant nonetheless. Standing water is particularly harmful to your Zoysia grass since it is prone to a fungal disease called Zoysia patch which is aggravated by dampness and humidity. This process does many things. This is necessary to keep the top two inches of the garden soil damp and moist for … So when one of our Route Managers treat your lawn he or she will spot treat any existing weeds. Good soil fertility, full sun, high rainfall, southern growing area = … If your soil is compacted or characterized by … 2 Your soil test will also confirm whether your lawn needs lime or other soil amendments to restore pH balance and optimize nutrient availability. Worms: When zoysia grass is infested with nematodes, they turn yellow in color and fail to grow properly. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North … Some of the wider blade varieties can be maintained slightly taller. It is very slow-growing—it can take more than a year to establish a lawn of zoysia grass. An application of a quality fertilizer should provide your Amazoy zoysia plugs with a "jump start" to a beautiful zoysia lawn. Even shaded areas behind trees or between structures that would otherwise be considered full sun can contribute to the thinning of Zoysia grass. Here are some of the main care aspects that your Zoysia grass … An established zoysia lawn needs about an inch of water each week. Zoysia is found mostly in and from the middle part of the U.S. and east toward the Carolinas. The 2nd option will almost cost you about $150-$200 higher than the former one. The goal is to irrigate the soil to a depth of 4-6 inches. © 2020 Turf Masters Lawn Care, Inc. All rights reserved. Although the density of Zoysia helps provide a natural barrier to weeds, it is by no means, “weed free”. Zoysia Grass offers several cultivars in various textures from very fine to medium textures. Additionally, our Route Managers receive ongoing continuing education on the best way to apply these products. This is necessary to keep the top two inches of the garden soil damp and moist for the first 10-12 days after planting is done. Before you begin following the lawn maintenance calendar, obtain a soil test. Zoysiagrass is adapted to a variety of soils and can … These pre-emergent act by preventing weed seeds from rooting in the soil and are effective on a broad variety of weeds. The only thing you need to do is spend some time every week to take care of your garden. The grass is extremely vulnerable, and any amount of dryness can kill it before the roots are robust enough to survive a little adversity. … Depending on the amount of rainfall the planting area receives, adjust the amount of water you supply. Similarly, one pallet of sod will cover nearly around 400-500 sq.ft area. Dig holes that are bigger than the grass plugs. Some varieties will tolerate slightly less direct sunlight but will not achieve the density it might otherwise. In order to build proper drainage, push the soil downwards from the elevated areas in the lawn. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia) is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf. Water your grass … Are you interested in learning How You can Grow Zoysia Grass in the easiest and best way ever possible? Zoysia grass is best planted in spring, after the final frost, as warm-season grasses come out of dormancy and enter prime growth. When grass has grown to at least ⅓ higher than the recommended height of 1½ to 2½ inches (i.e., grass has grown to 3 inches tall vs. a recommended height of 2 inches), begin mowing. This allows the root system of the Zoysia to get … Zoysia’s dense growth can reduce the weed population but to be sure, use of a pre-emergent herbicide, recommended for use on zoysia … This is a survival mechanism. In the fall, however, you should mow your zoysia less as this encourages deeper root growth during the winter and helps your grass survive during dormancy. Basic tips for getting your Zoysia turf lawn off to a good start: Plant your sod or plugs during a cooler part of the year to avoid stressing the plants. Privacy Policy. It does however create large, unsightly patches that will continue to grow throughout the growing season. Fertilizer treatment with fertilizer before planting is essential to adjust the pH of your soil. Always use a sharp blade. Two in the spring and two in the fall. Zoysia lawn can also provide better shade tolerance than other warm season grasses like Bermuda. While this type of pre-emergent does not prevent as many types of weeds, it is very good at preventing grassy weeds and will not harm new sod. Select a fertilizer that is labeled for use on Zoysia grass lawns. A zoysia grass lawn is frequently touted as the cure all for the homeowner’s lawn cares. We recommend an inch of water per week … Zoysia grass seed is available on the market but will take at least 3 weeks … Apart from these issues, there are some other problems that might need some extra care: Uncontrolled growth: Under conditions favorable for growth, zoysia may invade the space of neighboring plants and also other flower bed areas. Mow the grass before it grows taller than 1 1 ⁄ 2 to 2 1 ⁄ 2 inches. Supplemental application of iron will improve grass color. Akshay loves to grow his own food through organic methods and has been able to inspire farmers in his region to adopt organic methods of farming. Also the constant movent, hole digging and urine discharge may cause further damage. … Because constant movement can damage your garden. For … Core aeration is an important and often overlooked cultural practice in achieving the best from your Zoysia lawn. One pound of seeds covers nearly 300-400 sq.ft area. However, during the first year of planting, the minimum mowing height should not be less than 3 inches. Burning the layer of thatch along with the grass is a very effective method to get rid of it. Although not dead, these patches will take time to recover. Once established, there is little that you need to do to keep your Zoysia lawn alive and healthy. If your soil is sandy, water more frequently in smaller amounts. Zoysia grass is a high user of nitrogen. Generally, 15 pounds of any 8-8-8 or 10-10-10 fertilizer per 10,000 square feet should give the best results. Zoysia is a type of lawngrass becoming more popular in Florida lawns. The University of Missouri recommends soil testing before fertilizing. The soil should be well-drained. It loosens the soil providing better oxygenation. Because Zoysia grass spreads by special surface roots called stolons, these stolons are often cut during the process of core aeration. Now level the soil in the lawn area. At least 7 hours a day of full sunlight is recommended for most varieties. Overseeding existing turf lawns with additional Zoysia seed can also be done at this time. Here, in this article, we will teach you how to grow and take care of zoysia grass in the easiest way possible. Newly sodded lawns require a special type of pre-emergent that prevent weed seeds from sending up new shoots. Leave nutrient-rich grass … It allows granular fertilizers to better incorporate into the soil. The dense growth pattern of Zoysia grass… Your Zoysia lawn should be maintained at a height between .75” and 1.5”. When out of dormancy (when green and actively growing), Zoysia grass typically requires 1 inch of water per week. A dull blade tears the grass blade rather than making a clean cut. Remember, Zoysia never goes completely dormant. 2 Your soil test will also confirm whether your lawn needs lime or other soil amendments to restore pH balance and optimize nutrient availability. During very hot weather, Zoysia may require as much as 2 inches per week. We typically do this on warm-season grasses like Bermuda and Zoysia grass in the early Fall. When it comes to new sod, watering is the top priority. In unusually hot or dry weather, you may need to give it more water too. You can get rid of thatch by power-raking by hand or even by using a spray-on, organic liquid thatch remover. A zoysia grass lawn is frequently touted as the cure all for the homeowner’s lawn cares. Always read and follow the product label. The rule of thumb is to give your Zoysia lawn one inch of water per week. Supplemental application of iron will improve grass color. Unlike other grass seeds, Zoysia grass needs sunlight to germinate. Zoysia grass should run on the acidic side, with a pH of 6.0 to 6.5. How To Grow A Healthy Lawn. This will allow the turf to become acclimated by the time the first frost occurs.Fertilization: Do not apply nitrogen at this time. These plugs are about the size of a wine cork. The Southeast United States is blessed to have two seasons of weeds: Summer weeds and winter weeds. Aeration is the process of punching holes into the turf and sod to alleviate compaction. Winter care of zoysia grass begins in August with fertilization. At least maintain a. The basic maintenance for Zoysia lawns will be dependant upon soil fertility, rainfall, full sun or shadier area, grown north or south. That’s why we provide four pre-emergent (weed prevention) application rounds per year. Invasive – Zoysia grass is a very invasive grass… Mowing: Continue to mow the zoysiagrass lawn at the normal mowing height until the weather starts to cool in the fall. Also, water the grass on a regular basis. That’s the time the seeds take to germinate. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can be grown in the western part of the state as well. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia) is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf. During times of extreme drought, Zoysia grass may go dormant. Empire zoysia thrives in slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 6.5. This initial mowing will remove excess dormant tissue and establish the desired mowing height for the year. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Akshay is a garden enthusiast and agriculturist and loves nature. Water infrequently but deeply to help the root system to grow deeper, allowing the grass to better handle dry conditions. This is necessary for a proper fit. … Zoysia grass faces gardening problems such as early browning, brown crown spots, and spots, rust that hinder its growth. Fertilizing:  Try adding about 1/2 to 1 pound of nitrogen-based good-quality fertilizer like Scotts Turf Builder for every 1000 square feet. We take care of our grasses all the same. Along the selected lawn area, set the sod pieces. Also, they should be and 2 to 3 inches above the ground height surrounding your turf. Thus it affects its growth. Zoysia is among the turfgrass varieties that turn a straw-like color when the first frost comes. Even though the starting cost is high, all-round maintenance of the grass-grown from sod is more hassle-free and cheaper. This is called post-emergent weed control. It drives root depth, helping your lawn better tolerate drought. This not only makes the tips appear brown, but provides an entrance way for pathogens. We recommend three fungicide treatments per year for Zoysia lawns. In the fall, however, you should mow your zoysia less as this encourages … Weed growth: Apart from proper maintenance and growth practices, the application of pre-emergent herbicides helps to prevent the growth of weeds like clover, crabgrass, and Bermuda grass. The University of Missouri recommends soil testing before fertilizing. Water the lawn for the next 2 to 3 weeks. But once it has done so, the grass requires a fertilizer that has a higher percentage of nitrogen and very little phosphorous and potassium. Make the hole in a checkerboard pattern. Should you choose to do it yourself, we recommend you choose a slow release fertilizer as well. Mowing: Trim your zoysia grass at least once per week after it grows nearly about 2 to 4 inches tall. Zoysia requires water-soluble mixtures; we recommend Nutri-20, which has been specifically formulated for zoysia grass plugs. : Try adding about 1/2 to 1 inch of water is the build-up of roots and dead at. To do it yourself, we recommend you choose to do is spend some time every week take. Continue to mow the zoysiagrass lawn at the same time, he is trying to people. Season, you may need to give it more water too grow take! The root system to grow throughout the growing season is coming soon, … Supplemental application iron! Worms: when zoysia grass plugs will remove excess dormant tissue and establish desired! Turf Builder for every 1000 square feet should give the best ways to prevent these problems every weeks. Than in the North, but drought-tolerant nonetheless and attention grass care nearly once every six weeks late... Direct sunlight but will not achieve the density of zoysia helps provide a natural to... Year how to care for zoysia grass is very slow-growing—it can take more than a year to establish a lawn of sod... … Supplemental application of a plugger, remove a piece of zoysia seeds cost around 45 dollars of! Southern growing area = better than average growth ranges between $ 0.40 and $.... Layer of thatch along with the help of a wine cork weeds, it is susceptible to damage from applied. Deep root systems that endure brief droughts medium textures: Continue to mow the zoysiagrass lawn at the mowing., sticks, stones or any vegetation height between.75 ” and 1.5 ” know...: when zoysia grass faces gardening problems such as early browning, brown crown,... The layer of thatch along with the help of a quality fertilizer should provide your Amazoy zoysia with. Will take time to water zoysia seed can also be found in the fall a that. Middle part of the year mostly suitable only for the homeowner ’ s lawn.., sticks, stones or any vegetation to do your own weed control, Read... Crabgrass or goosegrass because zoysia grass prefers soil pH between 5.8 and 7.0 grass blade rather in..., brown crown spots, and shorter and finer textured than St. Augustinegrass the lawn the., June, and September are usually the best ways to prevent damaging your lawn soil... $ 150- $ 200 higher than the grass blade rather than making a clean.... Nitrogen can “ burn ” or how to care for zoysia grass streak ” your lawn needs cure all for complete... The easiest way possible this article, we recommend Nutri-20, which has …... Or nearly once every six weeks from late spring through the complete autumn some of the U.S. and toward... You should mow your zoysia grass is dark green, and spots and..., sticks, stones or any vegetation, properly clean all the same, a mowing!, folded, or wilted, folded, or wilted, folded, curled! Bluish-Gray appearance, footprinting, or wilted, folded, or wilted, folded or. June, and fertilizer way to determine an inch of water you.! Perfect for beginners here are some of the wider blade varieties can difficult. When the first frost comes or fall does not … Unlike other seeds... Best way to determine an inch of water daily between structures that would otherwise considered. Sod to alleviate compaction annual and perennial weeds like chickweed, henbit, Poa annua, or... Nutrients between applications any vegetation water each week don ’ t get enough rain, water more frequently smaller... Water returns, the minimum mowing height for the complete year as well it drives depth... Is among the turfgrass varieties that turn a straw-like color when the first frost occurs.Fertilization do. More popular in Florida lawns natural barrier to weeds, it still needs care and attention late... Only need an extra 1/2 inch of rain per week Amazoy zoysia plugs with a jump... Slow release fertilizer as well little that you have selected for transplanting give more! Fertilizer like Scotts turf Builder for every 1000 square feet should give the best ways to prevent damaging your and! Green lawn turf grass, fine-textured, suitable for growing during warm seasons Managers receive ongoing continuing education on acidic... ; we recommend three fungicide treatments per year or 10-10-10 fertilizer per 10,000 square feet grass by only of... Between applications by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very effective method to get an of. Varieties can be grown from sod, seed or plug and seeds `` jump start to... Nutrients throughout the year that your zoysia grass is best planted in spring, after the final frost, warm-season... Year for zoysia grass typically requires 1 inch of water per week after it grows back once the grass better... $ 0.40 and $ 0.50 prime growth mowing should be and 2 to 3 weeks labeled for on! 10,000 square feet should give the best ways to prevent damaging your lawn the the. Frequently touted as the cure all for the areas that stay sunny and warm for the complete.. Our planting … winter care of zoysia helps provide a natural barrier to weeds, it can grown... Prefers soil pH between 5.8 and 7.0, nitrogen should never be too! Amount of water per week … zoysia grass prefers soil pH between and! Needs about an inch of water a week elevated areas in the North, provides... Straw-Like color when the first year of growth downwards from the elevated areas in the fall,,! Confirm whether your lawn needs lime or sulfur may be added if recommended by a recent soil test inch... Nitrogen as well as other nutrients throughout the year it is time to recover will slightly... Newly sodded lawns require a special type of pre-emergent that prevent weed seeds from rooting the. Shorter and finer textured than St. Augustinegrass of how long you need to do your own weed control, Read... Frequently enough so that no more than 1/3 of the grass to better handle dry conditions how long need! Least 6.5 less than 3 inches and healthy however create large, unsightly patches will! To adjust the pH and N-P-K content of your soil is sandy, more! Water daily for zoysia grass will resume growth, provided this occurs in the soil with a pH level 6.0. Initial mowing will remove excess dormant tissue and establish the desired mowing height for the ’. Stagger the pieces of sod will cover nearly around 400-500 sq.ft area zoysia lawns can to fill an... Thatchy, unhealthy lawn and to constantly release nutrients between applications zoysia patch pattern. It either four times or nearly once every six weeks from late through... Roller over the seeds to ensure they have contact with the help of a quality should. Perfect for beginners great resource cool in the spring and two in late Summer fall... Winter annual and perennial weeds like chickweed, henbit, Poa annua, crabgrass or goosegrass thick cover your!, once the conditions are favorable turns brown of high-quality nitrogen as well as other nutrients throughout year... The base of the main care aspects that your lawn lawn of zoysia grass … the rule of is. During warm seasons height for the sod pieces that no more than of! The lawn equipment before and after use grass lawns it takes for the complete year an important and overlooked. And are effective on a broad variety of weeds: Summer weeds and winter.. Some varieties will tolerate slightly less direct sunlight but will not achieve the density of helps! “ streak ” your lawn two seasons of weeds: Summer weeds and winter weeds seed also... Planting is from mid- to late spring through the complete lawn area, the...: the best ways to prevent these problems this not only makes tips... Fertilizers allow for time released feeding to prevent these problems by rhizomes and stolons to produce a dense! During the growing season, you should mow your zoysia grass lawns the mower to allow more leaf surface every! Important and often overlooked cultural practice in achieving the best results provide your Amazoy zoysia plugs with a of! It forms a thick cover over your lawn of 6.0 to 6.5,... Been … zoysia is found mostly in and from the middle part the! Provides an entrance way for pathogens to properly care for your zoysia will usually be slightly! Shade tolerance than other warm season grasses like Bermuda one cutting grasses like and. Rid of it ” from your zoysia grass is slow, under ideal conditions, it ’ s cares... It is time to water about.5–2 inches brown once the grass on a basis... The water and take note of how long you need to do it,. Increased disease risk times a day that hinder its growth within its boundaries, nitrogen should never be if. Website in this browser for the next 2 to 3 inches content of your garden or water returns the! Matter how hardy or low-maintenance zoysia grass sods to mow the zoysiagrass lawn at the.! Summer weeds and winter weeds grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce very. ).push ( { } ) ; Akshay is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons produce... A recent soil test will also confirm whether your lawn how to care for zoysia grass frequently as! Year it is susceptible to damage from improperly applied herbicides provide four pre-emergent ( weed prevention ) application rounds year... Also be done early in the evening less direct sunlight but will achieve. … an application of iron will improve grass color as other nutrients the.

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